Reports and Research Papers

Bringing concise, up-to-date information to the public and policy-makers on issues impacting youth throughout the world is a primary activity of YAP International. In addition to our booklet series, we provide reports and resource papers which offer detail on specific core issue areas.

Introductory and overview information on these various topics can be found throughout our website; please review our issue summaries, course curriculum modules, and our booklets.

Children in Armed Conflict

Child Soldier Rehabilitation (December 2004)

A brief country-by-country overview of the status of disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration programs for former child soldiers around the world. The full report is available as a PDF file.

Also see YAPI’s report on How Girl Soldiers Are Punished by Their Past (2004) and the more recently updated Children Affected by Armed Conflict web page.

War Affected Children

Cambodia: Pol Pot’s Legacy of Violence

This study focuses on the impact of the Khmer Rouge’s genocidal conflict within Cambodia on children and the long-term implications for Cambodian society.  (prepared for the UN Conference on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms in All its Aspects, July 2001). The full report is available as a PDF file.

War Affected Children Mozambique

Mozambique: The Battle Continues for Former Child Soldiers

This study focuses on the use of child soldiers during Mozambique’s long civil war and the efforts made to reintegrate former child soldiers since the conclusion of the war. (Prepared for the UN Conference on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms in All its Aspects, July 2001).

The full report is available as a PDF file.

War Affected Children Columbia

Colombia: No Safe Haven From War

This study examines the impact of small arms on children as the violence has moved into Colombian society in ever-expanding ripples from the political conflict to issues of displacement, the drug trade and general crime. (Prepared for the UN Conference on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms in All its Aspects, July 2001). The full report is available as a PDF file.

Street Children

Street Children (December 2004)

This report examines the lives of nearly 150 million children worldwide who are living on the streets. These children are among the most vulnerable to neglect, abuse, exploitation, torture, and death… often at the hands of the very individuals and institutions that are supposed to protect them. The full report is available as a PDF file.

Child Trafficking

Child Trafficking and Organized Crime (November 2004)

This study investigates the role of organized crime in human trafficking, the third largest illicit industry in the world, and looks at how many trafficked girls and women are subjected to sexual exploitation. The full report is available as a PDF file.

Also see the Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (CSEC) and Child Trafficking Issue Summary web page.

Global Sex Tourism

Global Child Sex Tourism: Children as Tourist Attractions (September 2003)

This study outlines the growing use of child prostitution as an inducement to travelers. Child sex tourism is a highly pervasive industry, though steps are being taken worldwide to eradicate it. The full report is available as a PDF file.

Children and Torture

Children and Torture (July 2004)

This report uncovers the hidden practice of torturing children present in many areas of the world today. It explores the systematic use of violence against children for political and other reasons, and it looks at the use of torture in detention centers. Finally, it takes a brief look at the effects of torture on children. The full report is available as a PDF file.

 

Children as Refugees

Children as Refugees (June 2004)

This report examines the controversial practice of detaining refugee children. It outlines some basic policies governing the treatment of refugees, details the failure of countries to comply with these policies, and documents some of the abuses faced by children in detention. The full report is available as a PDF file.

Also see the Refugee and Internally-Displaced Children web page.

Juvenile Justice Issues

Juvenile Justice Issues: Arguments Surrounding the Execution of Youthful Offenders (September 2003)

This report provides an introduction to the debate in the United States surrounding the execution of youth who commit crimes before reaching the age of 18. It is an exploration into the death penalty for children in conflict with the law to accompany our booklet Children Behind Bars: Youth Who Are Detained, Incarcerated & Executed. The full report is available as a PDF file.

Also see the Juvenile Justice Issues web page.

Youth Gangs

Youth Gangs: Members, Activities, Measures to Decrease Violence Associated with Gangs (August 2001)

Three articles about youth gangs are grouped together to educate readers about the domestic and international aspects of youth gang violence, community efforts to prevent and decrease gang violence, and how gang organizing was exported from the United States to El Salvador.  The full report is available as as a PDF file.

The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child

Special Report on the Convention on the Rights of the Child in the United States (October 2011)

See also YAPI’s powerpoint presentation on the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child and the Unofficial Summary on the Convention on the Rights of the Child. 

Modern Child Slavery

Modern Child Slavery Powerpoint Presentation  (created 2011)

See also the 2003 Interview with Jean-Robert Cadet – former Restavek Child Slave PDF (Clique ici  pour l’interview en français en fichier PDF).

Stateless Children

Stateless Children Powerpoint Presentation (created in 2011)

Also see Refugee and Internally Displaced Powerpoint Presentation (created in 2011), the Stateless Children issue booklet, and the Refugee and Internally Displaced Children web page.